A novel laminar kinetic energy model for the prediction of pretransitional velocity fluctuations and boundary layer transition

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Abstract

Boundary layer transition onset estimation and modelling are essential for the design of many engineering products across many industries. In this work, a novel model for predicting pretransitional boundary layer fluctuations is proposed. The laminar kinetic energy (LKE) concept is used to represent such fluctuations. The new LKE model is implemented in OpenFOAM within the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) framework. Only two approaches for modelling the LKE can be found in the literature. Mayle and Schulz aproach (1997) has the limitation of requiring an initial LKE profile. Walter and Cokljat’s (2008) approach has been found to significantly overpredict the growth of the LKE. In addition, their model is tightly coupled with the specific dissipation rate and turbulent kinetic energy equations. The new model proposed here can act as a standalone equation for the LKE, making it portable and potentially facilitating the development of new transition models tailored to various industrial applications. Comparison with experiments shows that the new LKE model correctly predicts the growth of pretransitional velocity fluctuations and skin friction for a flat plate at zero-pressure gradient. To illustrate its practical application for transitional flows, the LKE model is coupled with an existing k − ω model using a new approach that requires minimal modifications. The resulting model (k − ω LKE) demonstrates excellent predictive capabilities when applied to a number of validation test cases.

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, [69, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2017.12.008

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-163
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume69
Early online date11 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

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Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, [69, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2017.12.008

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Laminar kinetic energy
  • boundary layer
  • transition
  • OpenFOAM
  • plate
  • separation
  • bubble

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