A New Double Sliding Mode Observer for EV Lithium Battery SOC Estimation

Qiaoyan Chen, Jiuchun Jiang, Haijun Ruan, Caiping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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A new sliding mode observer is proposed in this paper; compared with the existing sliding mode observer used for SOC estimation, the new observer has the advantages of simple design and good generality. The robustness of the new observer was proved by Lyapunov stability theorem. Taking the first-order Randle circuit model of the battery as an example, the new sliding mode observer was designed. Battery test was done with the simulated FUDS condition, and the robustness of the new observer was verified by the test. Because battery internal ohmic resistance is changing in battery working process, which has a significant effect on SOC estimation, a new double sliding mode observer was designed to identify the internal resistance. The tests results show that the battery internal ohmic resistance changes greatly when the SOC is low and the double observer can accurately identify the resistance which improves the accuracy of the battery model. The results also show that the new double observer is robust and can improve the precision of SOC estimation when the battery remaining capacity is low.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8048905
Number of pages9
JournalMathematical Problems in Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2016 Qiaoyan Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51477009).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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