A Network Perspective on the Relationship Between Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity and Fundamental Motor Skills in Early Childhood

Thaynã Alves Bezerra, Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira, Anastácio Neco de Souza Filho, Cain Craig Truman Clark, Jorge Augusto Pinto Silva Mota, Michael Joseph Duncan, Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    112 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The relationship between moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and fundamental motor skill (FMS) is inconsistent in early childhood, due to its complex and nonlinear characteristics. This study aimed to analyze the nonlinear relationships between MVPA, FMS, body mass index (BMI), sex, and age in preschoolers.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study with preschoolers (n = 204; 4.0 [0.8] y old; 99 boys), provided objective physical activity data, FMS assessments, and BMI. The associations between MVPA, FMS, BMI, sex, and age were explored using the network analysis (RStudio and qgraph).

    RESULTS: Boys were more motor competent than girls in all FMS skills, while girls were more active than boys during the weekend. Older children were less active than their younger peers during these days. MVPA is weak and differently related to each FMS, and the leap skill emerged with the highest betweenness and strength values in the network.

    CONCLUSIONS: For the assessed preschoolers, when considering BMI, age, and sex, the relationships between MVPA and FMS are inconsistent, and leap emerged as the main variable. During early childhood, these variables are connected as part of a complex system in which each skill has a dynamic role within the emerging pattern.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)774-781
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
    Volume18
    Issue number7
    Early online date25 May 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 2021, 18:7, 774-781, https://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2020-0218
    © Human Kinetics, Inc.

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

    Keywords

    • Fundamental movement skills
    • Network analysis
    • Preschoolers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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