A Multi Agent-Based Optimisation Model for the Distribution Planning and Control of Energy-Based Intermittent Renewable Sources

Nooria Mohammed, Ammar Al Bazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent work on the management of renewable energy sources focuses on developing innovative tools and techniques to control the different behaviours of energy generation systems (eg, the intermittent production of wind power). These tools contribute to achieving a proper balance between energy supply and consumer demand and guarantee a sustainable energy level in storage devices that can face potential generation shortages. In contrast, previous studies mainly focused on stimulating consumer response to market prices so as to rationalise consumption, especially during peak periods. This study investigates the impact of supplier decisions about using different renewable energy sources on the distribution planning and control of energy for the best consumer demand satisfaction and achieving a sustainable energy level in different located storage devices. A Multi Agent-Based Heuristic Optimisation model is developed to deliver this aim. The heuristic optimisation part of this model is proposed to optimise the energy level across differently located storage devices. It also guarantees the best energy exchange between regions at the strategic planning level. A sensitivity analysis study is conducted to verify the behaviour of the proposed model towards various demand levels, followed by a comparison study to justify the proposed agent-based heuristic model's superiority. The results highlight the impact of using intermittent renewable sources including solar, wind, hydro and storage devices on energy production, control and distribution. In addition, a sustainable level of storage in devices placed at different locations is achieved by optimising the energy storage operation. This sustainable storage aids any insufficient energy generated from intermittent sources to satisfy consumer requirements. The best energy exchange between regions is also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Early online date18 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jul 2021


  • agent-based optimisation
  • distribution planning and control
  • renewable energy network
  • renewable energy sources
  • storage device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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