A Meta-Analysis of Plyometric Training in Female Youth: Its Efficacy and Shortcomings in the Literature

Jason Moran, Cain C T Clark, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Michael J Davies, Benjamin Drury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Moran, J, Clark, CCT, Ramirez-Campillo, R, Davies, MJ, and Drury, B. A meta-analysis of plyometric training in female youth: its efficacy and shortcomings in the literature. J Strength Cond Res 33(7): 1996-2008, 2019-This meta-analysis characterized female youths' adaptability to plyometric training (PT). A second objective was to highlight the limitations of the body of literature with a view to informing future research. Fourteen studies were included in the final analysis. The effect size (ES = Hedges' g) for the main effect of vertical jump performance was "small" (ES = 0.57, 95% confidence interval: 0.21-0.93). Effect sizes were larger in younger (<15 years; ES = 0.78 [0.25-1.30] vs. 0.31 [-0.18 to 0.80]), shorter (<163 cm; ES = 1.03 [0.38-1.68] vs. 0.25 [-0.20 to 0.70]), and lighter (<54 kg; ES = 1.14 [0.39-1.89] vs. 0.26 [-0.15 to 0.67]) participants. Programming variables seemed to influence adaptive responses with larger effects in interventions which were longer (8 weeks; ES = 1.04 [0.35-1.72] vs. 0.24 [-0.11 to 0.59]), had greater weekly training frequency (>2; ES = 1.22 [0.18-2.25] vs. 0.37 [0.02-0.71]), and whose sessions were of longer duration (≥30 minutes ES = 1.16 [0.14-2.17] vs. 0.33 [0.03-0.63]). More than 16 sessions per program (0.85 [0.18-1.51]) was more effective than exactly 16 sessions (0.46 [0.08-0.84]) which, in turn, was more effective than less than 16 (0.37 [-0.44 to 1.17]). These findings can inform the prescription of PT in female youth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30052601
Pages (from-to)1996–2008
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume33
Issue number7
Early online date26 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Plyometric Exercise
Meta-Analysis
Prescriptions
Confidence Intervals

Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • girls
  • exercise
  • sport
  • athlete
  • jump
  • maturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

A Meta-Analysis of Plyometric Training in Female Youth : Its Efficacy and Shortcomings in the Literature. / Moran, Jason; Clark, Cain C T; Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Davies, Michael J; Drury, Benjamin.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 33, No. 7, 30052601, 01.07.2019, p. 1996–2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moran, Jason ; Clark, Cain C T ; Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Davies, Michael J ; Drury, Benjamin. / A Meta-Analysis of Plyometric Training in Female Youth : Its Efficacy and Shortcomings in the Literature. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 7. pp. 1996–2008.
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