A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills

Cain Clark, Claire M. Barnes, Mark Holton, Huw D. Summers, Gareth Stratton

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Abstract

Fundamental movement skills are considered the basic building blocks for movement and provide the foundation for specialized and sport-specific movement skills required for participation in a variety of physical activities. However, kinematic analyses of fundamental movement has not been performed. The aims of this study were to, (1) characterise the relationship between facets of fundamental movement and, (2) characterise the relationship between overall integrated acceleration and three-dimensional kinematic variables whilst performing fundamental movement skills. Eleven participants (10±0.8y, 1.41±0.07m, 33.4±8.6kg, body mass index; 16.4±3.1 kg.m2) took part in this study, had anthropometric variables recorded and performed a series of fundamental movement tasks, whilst wearing a tri-axial accelerometer and were recorded using a three-dimensional motion capture system. Maximum shoulder external rotation (°) and maximum shoulder internal rotation velocity (°.s-1) (r=0.86, p<0.001), mediolateral centre of mass range (cm) and centre of mass coefficient of variation (%) (r=0.83, p<0.001), maximum stride angle (°) in the jog and walk (r=0.74, p=0.01) and maximum sprint stride angle and maximum shoulder internal rotation velocity (°.s-1) (r=0.67, p<0.02) were significantly correlated. Maximum sprint stride angle (hip: r=0.96, p<0.001, ankle: r=0.97, p<0.001) and maximum internal rotation velocity (ankle: r=0.6, p=0.05) were significantly correlated to overall integrated acceleration. Overall integrated acceleration was comparable between participants (CV: 10.5), whereas three-dimensional variables varied by up to 65%.Although overall integrated acceleration was comparable between participants, three-dimensional variables were much more varied. Indicating that although overall activity may be correspondent, the characteristics of a child’s movement may be highly varied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-275
Number of pages15
JournalSport Science Review
Volume25
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2016

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Biomechanical Phenomena
Ankle
Sports
Hip
Body Mass Index

Bibliographical note

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0
Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • Fundamental movement skills
  • Accelerometry
  • Kinematics
  • Children

Cite this

Clark, C., Barnes, C. M., Holton, M., Summers, H. D., & Stratton, G. (2016). A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills. Sport Science Review, 25(3-4), 261-275. https://doi.org/10.1515/ssr-2016-0014

A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills. / Clark, Cain; Barnes, Claire M.; Holton, Mark; Summers, Huw D.; Stratton, Gareth.

In: Sport Science Review, Vol. 25, No. 3-4, 24.09.2016, p. 261-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clark, C, Barnes, CM, Holton, M, Summers, HD & Stratton, G 2016, 'A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills' Sport Science Review, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 261-275. https://doi.org/10.1515/ssr-2016-0014
Clark C, Barnes CM, Holton M, Summers HD, Stratton G. A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills. Sport Science Review. 2016 Sep 24;25(3-4):261-275. https://doi.org/10.1515/ssr-2016-0014
Clark, Cain ; Barnes, Claire M. ; Holton, Mark ; Summers, Huw D. ; Stratton, Gareth. / A Kinematic Analysis of Fundamental Movement Skills. In: Sport Science Review. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 3-4. pp. 261-275.
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