A Human Factors Approach to Defining Requirements for Low-speed Autonomous Vehicles to Enable Intelligent Platooning

R. Woodman, K. Lu, M. D. Higgins, S. Brewerton, P. Jennings, S. Birrell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
102 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents results from a series of focus groups, aimed at enhancing technical engineering system requirements, for a public transport system, encompassing a fleet of platooning low-speed autonomous vehicles (LSAV; aka pods) in urban areas. A critical review of the pods was conducted, as part of a series of technical workshops, to examine the key areas of the system that could affect users and other stakeholders, such as businesses and the public. These initial findings were used to inform a series of focus groups, aimed at identifying the public's views of multiple autonomous vehicles being deployed in a pedestrianised area that can join and form platoons. Analysis of findings from the focus groups suggests that while people view platooning public transport vehicles favourably as a passenger, they have some concerns from a pedestrian perspective. Thematic analysis was applied to these findings and a systematic approach was used to identify where subjective outputs could be formalised to inform requirements. Finally, a step-by-step requirements elicitation process is presented that illustrates the method used to convert qualitative user data to objective engineering requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, IV 2019
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0560-4
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium - Paris, France
Duration: 9 Jun 201912 Jun 2019
Conference number: 30

Publication series

NameIEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Proceedings
ISSN (Electronic)2642-7214


Conference2019 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium
Abbreviated titleIV’19
Internet address

Bibliographical note

© 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation


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