A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics

Juliane Adrian, Martyn Amos, Mitra Baratchi , Mira Beermann, Nikolai Bode, Maik Boltes, Alessandro Corbetta , Guillaume Dezecache, John Drury, Zhijian Fu, Roland Geraerts, Steve Gwynne , Gesine Hofinger, Aoife Hunt, Tinus Kanters, Angelika Kneidl, Krisztina Konya, Gerta Koster, Mira Kupper, Georgios Michalareas & 19 others Fergus Neville, Evangelos Ntontis, Stephen Reicher, Enrico Ronchi, Andreas Schadschneider, Armin Seyfried, Alastair Shipman, Anna Sieben, Michael Spearpoint, Gavin Brent Sullivan, Anne Templeton , Federico Toschi, Natalie van der Wal, Frank van Schadewijk, Cornelia von Kruchten, Nanda Wijermans , Zeynep Yucel , Francesco Zanlungo, Iker Zuriguel

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Abstract

This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA19
Number of pages13
JournalCollective Dynamics
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

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computer science
technical language
physics
psychology
social science
mathematics
engineering

Bibliographical note

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Keywords

  • Agency (collective)
  • Agent
  • Behaviour (collective)
  • Bottlenecki
  • Capacity
  • Clogging, Arching
  • Cognitive Maps
  • Collective action
  • Crowd
  • Emotions (group-based and collective)
  • Evacuation
  • Flow
  • Fundamental diagram
  • Group
  • Group coordination
  • Hand calculation
  • Lane formation
  • Model (general, acceleration-based, agent-based, cellular automata, computational, conceptual, deterministic, empirical, formal, hybrid, macroscopic, machine learning, mesoscopic, microscopic, multi-scale, probabilistic or stochastic, velocity-based)
  • Navigation mesh
  • Network
  • Others
  • Pedestrian
  • Phenomenon (collective)
  • Pitch invasion
  • Queing
  • Rituals
  • Routing
  • Social appraisal, social transfer, social spread
  • Social identity
  • Social norm
  • Social relation
  • Trajectory
  • Wayfinding

Cite this

Adrian, J., Amos, M., Baratchi , M., Beermann, M., Bode, N., Boltes, M., ... Zuriguel, I. (2019). A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics. Collective Dynamics, 4, [A19]. https://doi.org/10.17815/CD.2019.19

A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics. / Adrian, Juliane ; Amos, Martyn; Baratchi , Mitra ; Beermann, Mira ; Bode, Nikolai ; Boltes, Maik ; Corbetta , Alessandro ; Dezecache, Guillaume ; Drury, John ; Fu, Zhijian; Geraerts, Roland; Gwynne , Steve ; Hofinger, Gesine ; Hunt, Aoife; Kanters, Tinus; Kneidl, Angelika ; Konya, Krisztina ; Koster, Gerta; Kupper, Mira ; Michalareas, Georgios; Neville, Fergus ; Ntontis, Evangelos ; Reicher, Stephen ; Ronchi, Enrico ; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin ; Shipman, Alastair ; Sieben, Anna ; Spearpoint, Michael ; Sullivan, Gavin Brent; Templeton , Anne; Toschi, Federico ; van der Wal, Natalie ; van Schadewijk, Frank; von Kruchten, Cornelia ; Wijermans , Nanda ; Yucel , Zeynep ; Zanlungo, Francesco ; Zuriguel, Iker .

In: Collective Dynamics, Vol. 4, A19, 28.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adrian, J, Amos, M, Baratchi , M, Beermann, M, Bode, N, Boltes, M, Corbetta , A, Dezecache, G, Drury, J, Fu, Z, Geraerts, R, Gwynne , S, Hofinger, G, Hunt, A, Kanters, T, Kneidl, A, Konya, K, Koster, G, Kupper, M, Michalareas, G, Neville, F, Ntontis, E, Reicher, S, Ronchi, E, Schadschneider, A, Seyfried, A, Shipman, A, Sieben, A, Spearpoint, M, Sullivan, GB, Templeton , A, Toschi, F, van der Wal, N, van Schadewijk, F, von Kruchten, C, Wijermans , N, Yucel , Z, Zanlungo, F & Zuriguel, I 2019, 'A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics' Collective Dynamics, vol. 4, A19. https://doi.org/10.17815/CD.2019.19
Adrian J, Amos M, Baratchi M, Beermann M, Bode N, Boltes M et al. A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics. Collective Dynamics. 2019 Feb 28;4. A19. https://doi.org/10.17815/CD.2019.19
Adrian, Juliane ; Amos, Martyn ; Baratchi , Mitra ; Beermann, Mira ; Bode, Nikolai ; Boltes, Maik ; Corbetta , Alessandro ; Dezecache, Guillaume ; Drury, John ; Fu, Zhijian ; Geraerts, Roland ; Gwynne , Steve ; Hofinger, Gesine ; Hunt, Aoife ; Kanters, Tinus ; Kneidl, Angelika ; Konya, Krisztina ; Koster, Gerta ; Kupper, Mira ; Michalareas, Georgios ; Neville, Fergus ; Ntontis, Evangelos ; Reicher, Stephen ; Ronchi, Enrico ; Schadschneider, Andreas ; Seyfried, Armin ; Shipman, Alastair ; Sieben, Anna ; Spearpoint, Michael ; Sullivan, Gavin Brent ; Templeton , Anne ; Toschi, Federico ; van der Wal, Natalie ; van Schadewijk, Frank ; von Kruchten, Cornelia ; Wijermans , Nanda ; Yucel , Zeynep ; Zanlungo, Francesco ; Zuriguel, Iker . / A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics. In: Collective Dynamics. 2019 ; Vol. 4.
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abstract = "This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.",
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AU - Amos, Martyn

AU - Baratchi , Mitra

AU - Beermann, Mira

AU - Bode, Nikolai

AU - Boltes, Maik

AU - Corbetta , Alessandro

AU - Dezecache, Guillaume

AU - Drury, John

AU - Fu, Zhijian

AU - Geraerts, Roland

AU - Gwynne , Steve

AU - Hofinger, Gesine

AU - Hunt, Aoife

AU - Kanters, Tinus

AU - Kneidl, Angelika

AU - Konya, Krisztina

AU - Koster, Gerta

AU - Kupper, Mira

AU - Michalareas, Georgios

AU - Neville, Fergus

AU - Ntontis, Evangelos

AU - Reicher, Stephen

AU - Ronchi, Enrico

AU - Schadschneider, Andreas

AU - Seyfried, Armin

AU - Shipman, Alastair

AU - Sieben, Anna

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AU - Sullivan, Gavin Brent

AU - Templeton , Anne

AU - Toschi, Federico

AU - van der Wal, Natalie

AU - van Schadewijk, Frank

AU - von Kruchten, Cornelia

AU - Wijermans , Nanda

AU - Yucel , Zeynep

AU - Zanlungo, Francesco

AU - Zuriguel, Iker

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KW - Behaviour (collective)

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KW - Capacity

KW - Clogging, Arching

KW - Cognitive Maps

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KW - Crowd

KW - Emotions (group-based and collective)

KW - Evacuation

KW - Flow

KW - Fundamental diagram

KW - Group

KW - Group coordination

KW - Hand calculation

KW - Lane formation

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KW - Navigation mesh

KW - Network

KW - Others

KW - Pedestrian

KW - Phenomenon (collective)

KW - Pitch invasion

KW - Queing

KW - Rituals

KW - Routing

KW - Social appraisal, social transfer, social spread

KW - Social identity

KW - Social norm

KW - Social relation

KW - Trajectory

KW - Wayfinding

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VL - 4

JO - Collective Dynamics

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