A future disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process in Sudan: Lessons learned from Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda

Mohamed Babiker, Alpaslan Ozerdem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The conflict that broke out in Sudan on the eve of its independence from Britain in 1956 has devastated the country, retarded developmental progress, drained human resources and damaged the social fabric of the entire nation. However, the Protocol of Machakos which was signed by the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army on 20 July 2002, states the commitment of the parties to a negotiated, peaceful and comprehensive resolution to the conflict within the unity of the country. With peace now in sight, the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants is essential to avoid the mistakes made in 1972. It is crucial to build a new future for the generations that have suffered so much in five decades of war. This paper examines the challenges that might confront DDR in post-conflict Sudan. It draws on past experience following the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement between the regime of President Gaffar Mohammed Nimeiri and the Anya-nya rebels, and on the experiences of countries that have gone through similar situations, such as Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-232
Number of pages22
JournalConflict, Security & Development
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

demobilization
disarmament
reintegration
Mozambique
Sudan
Ethiopia
Uganda
liberation movement
liberation
human resources
military
republic
peace
experience
president
regime
commitment

Cite this

@article{f4f3adc23494440499a99300b7d0d5bd,
title = "A future disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process in Sudan: Lessons learned from Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda",
abstract = "The conflict that broke out in Sudan on the eve of its independence from Britain in 1956 has devastated the country, retarded developmental progress, drained human resources and damaged the social fabric of the entire nation. However, the Protocol of Machakos which was signed by the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army on 20 July 2002, states the commitment of the parties to a negotiated, peaceful and comprehensive resolution to the conflict within the unity of the country. With peace now in sight, the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants is essential to avoid the mistakes made in 1972. It is crucial to build a new future for the generations that have suffered so much in five decades of war. This paper examines the challenges that might confront DDR in post-conflict Sudan. It draws on past experience following the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement between the regime of President Gaffar Mohammed Nimeiri and the Anya-nya rebels, and on the experiences of countries that have gone through similar situations, such as Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda.",
author = "Mohamed Babiker and Alpaslan Ozerdem",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1080/1467880032000126921",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "211--232",
journal = "Conflict, Security and Development",
issn = "1467-8802",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A future disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process in Sudan

T2 - Lessons learned from Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda

AU - Babiker, Mohamed

AU - Ozerdem, Alpaslan

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - The conflict that broke out in Sudan on the eve of its independence from Britain in 1956 has devastated the country, retarded developmental progress, drained human resources and damaged the social fabric of the entire nation. However, the Protocol of Machakos which was signed by the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army on 20 July 2002, states the commitment of the parties to a negotiated, peaceful and comprehensive resolution to the conflict within the unity of the country. With peace now in sight, the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants is essential to avoid the mistakes made in 1972. It is crucial to build a new future for the generations that have suffered so much in five decades of war. This paper examines the challenges that might confront DDR in post-conflict Sudan. It draws on past experience following the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement between the regime of President Gaffar Mohammed Nimeiri and the Anya-nya rebels, and on the experiences of countries that have gone through similar situations, such as Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda.

AB - The conflict that broke out in Sudan on the eve of its independence from Britain in 1956 has devastated the country, retarded developmental progress, drained human resources and damaged the social fabric of the entire nation. However, the Protocol of Machakos which was signed by the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army on 20 July 2002, states the commitment of the parties to a negotiated, peaceful and comprehensive resolution to the conflict within the unity of the country. With peace now in sight, the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants is essential to avoid the mistakes made in 1972. It is crucial to build a new future for the generations that have suffered so much in five decades of war. This paper examines the challenges that might confront DDR in post-conflict Sudan. It draws on past experience following the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement between the regime of President Gaffar Mohammed Nimeiri and the Anya-nya rebels, and on the experiences of countries that have gone through similar situations, such as Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda.

U2 - 10.1080/1467880032000126921

DO - 10.1080/1467880032000126921

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 211

EP - 232

JO - Conflict, Security and Development

JF - Conflict, Security and Development

SN - 1467-8802

IS - 2

ER -