A Decolonial Critique of the Racialized “Localwashing” of Extraction in Central Africa

Amber Murrey, Nicholas A. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Responding to calls for increased attention to actions and reactions “from above” within the extractive industry, we offer a decolonial critique of the ways in which corporate entities and multinational institutions draw on racialized rhetoric of “local” suffering, “local” consultation, and “local” culpability in oil as development. Such rhetoric functions to legitimize extractive intervention within a set of practices that we call localwashing. Drawing from a decade of research on and along the Chad–Cameroon Oil Pipeline, we show how multiscalar actors converged to assert knowledge of, responsibility for, and collaborations with “local” people within a racialized politics of scale. These corporate representations of the racialized “local” are coded through long-standing colonial tropes. We identify three interrelated and overlapping flexian elite rhetoric(s) and practices of racialized localwashing: (1) anguishing, (2) arrogating, and (3) admonishing. These elite representations of a racialized “local” reveal diversionary efforts “from above” to manage public opinion, displace blame for project failures, and domesticate dissent in a context of persistent scrutiny and criticism from international and regional advocates and activists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages25
JournalAnnals of the American Association of Geographers
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date3 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Central Africa
oil pipeline
rhetoric
politics
oil
elite
public opinion
criticism
responsibility
industry
project
extractive industry
consultation

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/
licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

Keywords

  • coloniality
  • decolonial
  • elites
  • Extraction
  • racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

A Decolonial Critique of the Racialized “Localwashing” of Extraction in Central Africa. / Murrey, Amber; Jackson, Nicholas A.

In: Annals of the American Association of Geographers, Vol. (In-Press), 03.09.2019, p. (In-Press).

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{25da2da42bb14209963cec72eec2f555,
title = "A Decolonial Critique of the Racialized “Localwashing” of Extraction in Central Africa",
abstract = "Responding to calls for increased attention to actions and reactions “from above” within the extractive industry, we offer a decolonial critique of the ways in which corporate entities and multinational institutions draw on racialized rhetoric of “local” suffering, “local” consultation, and “local” culpability in oil as development. Such rhetoric functions to legitimize extractive intervention within a set of practices that we call localwashing. Drawing from a decade of research on and along the Chad–Cameroon Oil Pipeline, we show how multiscalar actors converged to assert knowledge of, responsibility for, and collaborations with “local” people within a racialized politics of scale. These corporate representations of the racialized “local” are coded through long-standing colonial tropes. We identify three interrelated and overlapping flexian elite rhetoric(s) and practices of racialized localwashing: (1) anguishing, (2) arrogating, and (3) admonishing. These elite representations of a racialized “local” reveal diversionary efforts “from above” to manage public opinion, displace blame for project failures, and domesticate dissent in a context of persistent scrutiny and criticism from international and regional advocates and activists.",
keywords = "coloniality, decolonial, elites, Extraction, racism",
author = "Amber Murrey and Jackson, {Nicholas A.}",
note = "This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/24694452.2019.1638752",
language = "English",
volume = "(In-Press)",
pages = "(In--Press)",
journal = "Annals of the American Association of Geographers",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Decolonial Critique of the Racialized “Localwashing” of Extraction in Central Africa

AU - Murrey, Amber

AU - Jackson, Nicholas A.

N1 - This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

PY - 2019/9/3

Y1 - 2019/9/3

N2 - Responding to calls for increased attention to actions and reactions “from above” within the extractive industry, we offer a decolonial critique of the ways in which corporate entities and multinational institutions draw on racialized rhetoric of “local” suffering, “local” consultation, and “local” culpability in oil as development. Such rhetoric functions to legitimize extractive intervention within a set of practices that we call localwashing. Drawing from a decade of research on and along the Chad–Cameroon Oil Pipeline, we show how multiscalar actors converged to assert knowledge of, responsibility for, and collaborations with “local” people within a racialized politics of scale. These corporate representations of the racialized “local” are coded through long-standing colonial tropes. We identify three interrelated and overlapping flexian elite rhetoric(s) and practices of racialized localwashing: (1) anguishing, (2) arrogating, and (3) admonishing. These elite representations of a racialized “local” reveal diversionary efforts “from above” to manage public opinion, displace blame for project failures, and domesticate dissent in a context of persistent scrutiny and criticism from international and regional advocates and activists.

AB - Responding to calls for increased attention to actions and reactions “from above” within the extractive industry, we offer a decolonial critique of the ways in which corporate entities and multinational institutions draw on racialized rhetoric of “local” suffering, “local” consultation, and “local” culpability in oil as development. Such rhetoric functions to legitimize extractive intervention within a set of practices that we call localwashing. Drawing from a decade of research on and along the Chad–Cameroon Oil Pipeline, we show how multiscalar actors converged to assert knowledge of, responsibility for, and collaborations with “local” people within a racialized politics of scale. These corporate representations of the racialized “local” are coded through long-standing colonial tropes. We identify three interrelated and overlapping flexian elite rhetoric(s) and practices of racialized localwashing: (1) anguishing, (2) arrogating, and (3) admonishing. These elite representations of a racialized “local” reveal diversionary efforts “from above” to manage public opinion, displace blame for project failures, and domesticate dissent in a context of persistent scrutiny and criticism from international and regional advocates and activists.

KW - coloniality

KW - decolonial

KW - elites

KW - Extraction

KW - racism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073781579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/24694452.2019.1638752

DO - 10.1080/24694452.2019.1638752

M3 - Article

VL - (In-Press)

SP - (In-Press)

JO - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

JF - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

ER -