A Comprehensive Review on Passive Heat transfer Enhancement in Pipe Exchangers

Shuli Liu, M Sakr

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    401 Citations (Scopus)


    Enhancing heat transfer surface are used in many engineering applications such as heat exchanger, air conditioning, chemical reactor and refrigeration systems, hence many techniques have been investigated on enhancement of heat transfer rate and decrease the size and cost of the involving equipment especially in heat exchangers. One of the most important techniques used are passive heat transfer technique. These techniques when adopted in Heat exchanger proved that the overall thermal performance improved significantly. This paper reviews experimental and numerical works taken by researchers on this technique since 2004 such as twisted tape, wire coil, swirl flow generator,… etc. to enhance the thermal efficiency in heat exchangers and useful to designers implementing passive augmentation techniques in heat exchange. The authors found that variously developed twisted tape inserts are popular researched and used to strengthen the heat transfer efficiency for heat exchangers. The other techniques used for specific work environments are studied in this paper. Twisted tape inserts perform better in laminar flow than turbulent flow. However, the other several passive techniques such as ribs, conical nozzle, and conical ring, etc. are generally more efficient in the turbulent flow than in the laminar flow.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)64-81
    Number of pages18
    JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Early online date7 Dec 2012
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


    • Passive heat transfer
    • Twisted tape
    • Wire coil
    • Wings
    • Swirl flow
    • Ribs
    • Conical ring


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