A comparative study of laser surface hardening of AISI 410 and 420 martensitic stainless steels by using diode laser

Mahmoud Moradi, Hossein Arabi, Saied Jamshidi Nasab, Khaled Y. Benyounis

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Laser surface hardening process is one of the new technologies for improving the surface of metals, especially steels, which in recent decades has received a lot of attention. This paper surveys the capability of laser surface hardening of AISI 410 and AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel by using continues wave diode laser with a maximum power of 1600 W, experimentally. Microstructure of the laser treated area by using optical microscope (OM), Field emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), and XRD were investigated and compared. Geometrical dimension, micro-hardness deviation (MHD) from the micro-hardness of the base metal, ferrite percentage, and the grain size of the hardened zone are the other considered responses. The results indicate that in the same input parameters the AISI 420 has higher surface hardness and less penetration depth and width than the AISI 410 stainless steel. Observations showed that a laser surface hardened layer of AISI 410 is about 620 HV with 1.8 mm depth and while for AISI 410 is about 720 HV with 1.2 mm depth is obtained. Comparing the results with the furnace hardening heat treatment show that the laser hardening process is more effective and precise than conventional processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-357
Number of pages11
JournalOptics and Laser Technology
Early online date15 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Optics and Laser Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Optics and Laser Technology, 111, (2019) DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2018.10.013

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • AISI 410
  • AISI 420
  • Laser surface hardening
  • Micro-hardness
  • Microstructure


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