24-hour movement behaviour and executive function in preschoolers: a compositional and isotemporal reallocation analysis

Thaynã Alves Bezerra , Cain Clark, Anastácio Neco de Souza Filho, Leonardo de Souza Fortes, Jorge Mota, Michael Duncan, Clarice Martins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Adherence to healthy behaviours promotes several health benefits in preschool children, including executive function (EF). Recently, the predictive power of the 24-hour movement behaviour (24h MB) composition on health outcomes has been evidenced; however, its relationship with EF in preschoolers is unknown. Thus, the present study had two objectives: 1) to analyze the associations between the 24h MB composition and EF of preschoolers; and 2) to investigate the theoretical changes in EF when time in different movement behaviours is reallocated. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 123 preschoolers (3-to-5-years-old) of low socioeconomic status. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour were assessed using an accelerometer for 7 days, sleep time was obtained through interviews with parents, and EF was measured using the Early Tool Box battery. To verify the association between 24h MB and EF, compositional data analysis was used, and for time reallocation, compositional isotemporal substitution analysis was utilized. It was observed that the 24h MB composition was positively associated with EF (p <0.0001; R² = 0.34), and that reallocating 5, 10, 15 or 20 minutes of the time spent on sleep and light PA to moderate-to-vigorous PA, respectively, was associated with significant improvements in EF (p < 0.05). These findings provide hitherto unseen insight into the relationship between 24h MB and EF in preschool children, and warrants consideration for researchers and practitioners seeking to improve EF and PA in preschool children.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1064-1072
    Number of pages9
    JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
    Volume21
    Issue number7
    Early online date17 Aug 2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 17/08/2021, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2020.1795274

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

    Funder

    Funding Information: Clarice Martins was supported by Brazilian Federal Foundation for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education – CAPES, under grant CAPES-PRINT - 88887.369625/2019-00.

    Keywords

    • Movement
    • behaviour
    • executive
    • function
    • composition
    • analysis
    • preschoolers
    • movement behaviour
    • composition analysis
    • executive function

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of '24-hour movement behaviour and executive function in preschoolers: a compositional and isotemporal reallocation analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this