24-hour movement behaviors and fitness in preschoolers: A compositional and isotemporal reallocation analysis

Luís Lemos, Cain Clark, Caroline Brand, Maria Luíza Pessoa, Anelise Gaya, Jorge Mota, Michael Duncan, Clarice Martins

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    16 Citations (Scopus)
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    This study analyzed the associations between the 24-hour movement behaviors composition and fitness in preschoolers and investigated predicted changes in fitness when time in active behaviors is reallocated. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 270 preschoolers (132 boys; 3.97 ± 0.80 years-old). Light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (LPA and MVPA), and sedentary behavior (SB) were verified using an accelerometer. Sleep time was obtained through interviews with parents. Components of physical fitness (cardiorespiratory fitness—CRF, speed-agility, and lower-body muscular strength) were assessed using the PREFIT Battery. To verify the association between 24-hour movement behaviors and physical fitness, the compositional analysis was used, and for the time reallocation, the compositional isotemporal substitution analysis was used for active behaviors (LPA and MVPA). The daily composition, adjusted for body mass index, sex, and age, was significantly associated with CRF (P =.007; r2 = 0.29), speed-agility (P <.001; r2 = 0.14), and lower-body muscular strength (P =.01; r2 = 0.07). For CRF, the addition of MVPA, at the expense of any other behavior, was associated with significant improvements. For speed-agility and lower-body muscular strength, only reallocations between sleep and LPA yielded significant associations. The variation in CRF, speed-agility, and lower-body muscular strength was associated with the 24 hours movement composition, and reallocating 5, 10 or 15 minutes of SB or sleep for MVPA was significantly positive for CRF (P <.05). The present findings highlight the relevance of decreasing SB and increasing physical activity practice, particularly at high intensities, to promote a better CRF profile for preschoolers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1371-1379
    Number of pages9
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
    Issue number6
    Early online date18 Feb 2021
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

    Bibliographical note

    This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Lemos, L, Clark, C, Brand, C, Pessoa, ML, Gaya, A, Mota, J, Duncan, M & Martins, C 2021, '24-hour movement behaviors and fitness in preschoolers: A compositional and isotemporal reallocation analysis', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1371-1379, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/sms.13938. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

    This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions
    agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published
    version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.


    Brazilian Federal Foundation for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education-CAPES (CAPES-PRINT-88887.369625/2019-00)


    • compositional analysis
    • physical fitness
    • preschoolers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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