• 1 Citations
  • 1 h-Index
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Personal profile

Research Interests

  • Political ecology
  • Participatory Action Research
  • Conflict transformation
  • Critical pedagogy
  • People’s knowledge
  • Networks & relational agency
  • Gender, power & agency

PhD Project

Title: Cultivating Social-Ecological Relationships at the Margins: Agroecology as a Tool for Everyday Peace Formation in Zimbabwe.

The research considers the transformative potential of agroecological processes in rural farming communities beset by a history of endemic violence, and where the unresolved national question has contributed to a succession of protracted crises that continue to foment political violence and reinforce power asymmetries. Designed around the participatory and heuristic principles of agroecology itself, this inductive research involved three communities of agroecological practice in Zimbabwe defining concepts of resilience, agency and peace, and co-developing a series of emic indicators in order to explore how these are experienced in the everyday by their own communities. Viewed through a political ecology lens the analysis focuses on the social-ecological processes and relationships through which each mobilise and shape change on their own terms. With a highly masculinised and exclusory popular imaginary, intolerant of pluralism and driven by a centralising developmentalist state, even deviation from technocratic farming norms may be considered seditious. This research explores to what extent these small ‘non-movements’ are able to employ agroecological strategies as a set of non-threatening and situated tools to shape their physical landscape and negotiate social change by reforging farmer networks based on principles of reciprocity and trust. In drawing upon, questioning and contextualising ‘transformation’, the research investigates the implications of these essentially practice-based, bottom-up processes for creating more equitable outcomes for sustainable peace at the rural margins.


With an NGO background since the early 1990s, George’s experience spans both humanitarian and development sectors in Europe, the Middle East, South East Asia, Pacific and sub-Saharan Africa. George has a 1st class BA Hons from Peace Studies in Bradford, and a Masters in Post-War Reconstruction & Development from York. At this point she developed an interest in creating more inclusive and sustainable forms of community engagement, which view the environment and its hosts as part of the long-term solution. This invariably drew her to agroecology. Co-founding UK NGO GardenAfrica in 2001, George has been co-developing innovative plant-based livelihoods approaches with farmers and civil society organisations which explore strategies to stimulate localised economic opportunity while navigating social-ecological change.

Education/Academic qualification

Post-War Recovery (with distinction), MA, University of York

1st Class BA (Hons) Peace Studies, Degree, University of Bradford

External positions

Programmes Director, GardenAfrica

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

  • 17 Similar Profiles
Zimbabwe Social Sciences
agroecology Earth & Environmental Sciences
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Economic and social effects Engineering & Materials Science
action research Social Sciences
work research Social Sciences
Forging Engineering & Materials Science
environmental policy Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2007 2019

  • 1 Citations
  • 1 h-Index
  • 3 Article
  • 1 Chapter
Open Access
Economic and social effects

Exploring the Potential of Developmental Work Research and Change Laboratory to Support Sustainability Transformations: A Case Study of Organic Agriculture in Zimbabwe

Mukute, M., Mudokwani, K., McAllister, G. & Nyikahadzoi, K., 10 May 2018, In : Mind, Culture, and Activity. 25, 3, p. 229-246 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

work research
1 Citation (Scopus)

Restoring Degraded Ecosystems by Unlocking Organic Market Potential: Case Study from Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe.

McAllister, G., 16 Oct 2015, Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future. Chabay, I., Frick, M. & Helgeson, J. (eds.). Elsevier, p. 349-359. 11 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

economic development
market development
food quality

Decentralisation through the lens of the failed state

McAllister, G., 20 Sep 2007, In : Civil Wars. 5, 2, p. 122-139 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

failed state