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Special Issue "Urban and River Flooding: Theory, Experimental and Numerical Models, and Applications in Hydraulic Engineering"
The frequency and magnitude of pluvial and fluvial flood events is projected to rise worldwide, causing substantial associated economic and public health costs. To tackle this global issue, numerical models have been developed to predict the interactions within the variables in place (e.g., flow rates, rainfall intentisites, geographical location, and local characteristics) to identify the areas that could be most at risk of flooding. Despite the recent progress related to the development of new large-scale models, which enables analyzing and simulating different processes in controlled environments under close-to-reality conditions, and despite the parallel evolution of more accurate novel measurement techniques, such as imaging techniques or the application of low-cost technologies, such models are inherently difficult to verify because of the paucity of data essential for calibration and validation purposes. In addition, there is the need to investigate not only the causes and effects of these flooding events, but it is also crucial to provide a better understanding of these scenerios in order to implement systems that are resilient to challenges such as climate change and population growth.
The aim of this Special Issue is to gather research papers investigating hydrodynamics, sediment transport, dispersion of pollutants, and water quality that are related to urban and river flooding in order to (i) develop more accurate predictions of future events, (ii) identify new techniques to make cities more sustainable and resilient to these disasters, and (iii) aid local and national authorities to move towards the digitalization of the water sector for a more efficient management. This Special Issue is therefore open to experimental, theoretical, and numerical studies and field works, as well as all contributions including innovative solutions, novel instrumentation, and the application of usual devices to new developments.
Dr. Matteo Rubinato Dr. Vasilis Bellos Dr. James Hart Dr. Laurent Courty Guest Editors